School-to-Work (STW)

[COMMENT: "School to Work" appears to have submerged out of sight since about 1998, but it is part of the centralization project which has been pushed for some time by Hillary Clinton, et al, as a part of their plan for "improving" education.  I suspect it is very much being pushed where possible, although the seeming drift away from centralization may have made them duck out of sight for the time being.  President Bush #2 seems to have no more sense about getting civil government out of education than any of the Democratic administrations.  I do not know whether he is naive but honest, or whether he is more thoroughly under the control of arch-centralizers like the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) than one would hope.   E. Fox]    

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The following is in response to the request for information about S1186.

S 1186 "Workforce Investment Partnership Act of 1997" Analysis by Karen Holgate PARENTS NATIONAL NETWORK

This bill is the Senate's version of HR 1385 and HR 1853. It covers "vocational, technological, and tech-prep education; adult education and literacy; adult employment and training activities, dislocated worker employment and training activities, and youth activities." Sec.316 (d) (1) says, "No local education curriculum.&emdash;No funds described in subsection (b) shall be used to develop or implement local school system education curricula." While this may sound like the bill is not part of the School-to- Work (STW) agenda, nothing could be further from the truth.

Note carefully how the terminology of this bill is consistent with all forms of STW including: "integration" of academics with vocational training, contextualized learning and applied learning. In fact, this bill brings adult training and all youth activities in line with the "seamless web" outlined in the National Center on Education and the Economy's Human Resources Development Plan for the United States.

This bill connects much of the "seamless web." Sec. 242 (7) says: "coordinate with other available resources in the community, such as by establishing strong links with elementary schools and secondary schools, post-secondary institutions, 1-stop customer service center, job training programs, and social service agencies.


Individual of Limited English Proficiency: (18) (B) "...[or] who lives in a family or community environment where a language other than English is the dominant language."

(Comment: So even if a person is proficient but lives with family members who is not, he/she qualifies as limited English proficient?)

Literacy: (20) (A) IN GENERAL- "...and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society."

Nontraditional Employment: (26) "...refers to occupations or field or work for which individuals from one gender comprise less than 25% of the individuals employed..."

(Comment: What a waste of time and taxpayer money to continue promoting "gender equity.")

On the Job Training: (27) (B) "provides reimbursement to employers of up to 50% of the wage rate of the participant"

(Comment: Aren't you glad your tax $$ are going to reimburse an employer up to 50% of his employees wages? This is straight from the CAREERS Act fiasco!)

Rapid Response Activity: (34) " the case of permanent closure or mass layoff at a plant, facility, or enterprise, or a natural or other disaster..."

(Comment: Your government believes it is your responsibility to pay even if private enterprise makes the decision to close a plant, etc.)

Supportive Services: (41) ""means services such as transportation, child care, dependent care, housing, and needs-based payments..."

(Comment: This kind of generous support by your government is detailed in Sec. 315-Local Employment and Training Activities&emdash;This includes the new "one stop delivery system". Isn't government generous with your tax dollar?)


- (Still places unprecendented power in the hands of the Governor.)

Sec. 303: Shall have the final authority to determine the contents of the state plan. He shall establish and appoint the members of the statewide partnership. Sec. 308: The Governor shall certify and decertify local workforce investment partnerships. Sec. 309: (d) "If local partnership and the appropriate chief elected official in the local area cannot agree on the local plan after making a reasonable effort, the Governor may develop the local plan."

(Comment: So much for local control!)


Sec. 166: (b) "...shall ensure that the data system is compatible with other Federal information systems."

Amends Wagner-Peyser Act by inserting: "Sec. 15 Labor Market Information. (E) procedures to support standardization... (G) wide dissemination of such data...(H)(b) (1) "...shall be planned, administered, overseen, and evaluated thorough a cooperate governance structure involving the Federal Government and States."(3) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.- "Nothing in this section shall be construed as limited the ability of a State agency to conduct additional data collection..." Sec. 124: State Plan. (c)(3) "describes how the eligible agency will disaggregate data relating to students participating in vocational education in order to adequately measure the progress of the students;"


Sec. 112- (a) ESTABLISHMENT MEASURES AND EXPECTED LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE.&emdash; (a) (2) "Student mastery of job readiness skills. (3) "Student mastery of vocational skill proficiencies...or a secondary school skill certificate. Sec. 213-(2) "...the development of models for basic skill certificates," Sec. 242-"...earning a basic skills certificate that reflects skills acquisition and has meaning to employers;" Sec. 153- (E) "...leads to an associate or a baccalaureate degree or a certificate in a specific career field;"

(Comment: These sections refer to the Certificate of Initial Mastery and Certificate of Advanced Mastery which will eventually replace&emdash;or be of greater importance than&emdash;a diploma.)


Sec. 123-(1) "vocational education...that are integrated, to the maximum extent possible..." Sec. 133-(3) "to integrate academic education with vocational education..." Sec. 164- (5)(A) "the extent and success of integration of academic and vocational curricula;" Sec. 223- (a)(5) "Integration of literacy instruction and occupational skill training, and promoting linkages with employers."

(Comment: An example of integration was clearly revealed in Sen. Robert Byrd's speech before Congress on June 9, 1997.)

Sen. Byrd said about an Algebra textbook called, Secondary Math: An Integrated Approach:Focus on Algebra:

"Page five of this same wondrous tome begins with a heading written in Spanish, English, and Portuguese... This odd amalgam of math, geography and language masquerading as analgebra textbook goes on to intersperse each chapter with helpful comments and photos of children named Taktuk, Esteban, and Minh. Although I don't know what happened to Dick and Jane, I do understand now why there are four multicultural reviewers for this book.However, I still don't quite grasp the necessity for political correctness in an algebra book. Nor do I understand the inclusion of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights in three languages...

By the time we get around to defining an algebraic expression we are on page 107...From there we hurry on to lectures on endangered species, a discussion of air pollution, facts about the Dogon people of West Africa, chili recipes and a discussion of varieties of hotpeppers...unsure of whether I was looking at a science book, a language book, a sociology book or a geography book.

This textbook tries to be all things to all students in all subjects and the result is a mush of multiculturalism, environment and political is unfocused nonsense..."


Sec. 304-(A) "the needs of the State with regard to current and projected employment opportunities;" (C) "the economic needs of the State;"

(Comment: These statements reinforce State STW plans across the nation that specify that "Career Clusters, Pathways, etc." are to meet local and state needs. This bill continues the idea that the individual needs to be trained for the `common good'. What about the needs of the individual?)


Sec. 316-(6) "to provide opportunities for youth in activities related to leadership, development, decision making, citizenship, and community service."

(Comment: When you read `community service' think `mandatory volunteerism'. In New York two graduating seniors were denied their diplomas because they refused to do the mandatory community service requirement for graduation. They lost before New York's Supreme Court.)


Sec. 338- (2)(A) " enrollee shall be eligible for full Job Corps benefits, or a monthly stipend equal to the average value of the residential support, food, allowances, and other benefits provided to enrollees assigned to residential Job Corps centers." (b) READJUSTMENT ALLOWANCES.&emdash;The Secretary shall arrange for a readjustment allowance to be paid to eligible former enrollees and graduates. The Secretary shall arrange for the allowance to be paid at the one-stop customer service center nearest tot he home of such a former enrollee or graduate who is returning home, or at the one-stop customer service enter nearest to the location where the former enrollee or graduate has indicated an intent to seek employment."

(Comment: Why? More of your tax dollars. Aren't they generous with your money?)


Sec. 124: State Plan.&emdash;Under the State Plan, this bill allows various educational institutions to form "consortiums" for the purpose of "receiving funds". Sec. 152: Applications.&emdash;"Each consortium that desires to receive a grant under this subtitle shall submit an application to the Secretary or the eligible agency, as appropriate, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary or the eligible agency, as appropriate, shall prescribe."

(Comment: Does this mean the "consortium" is given legal authority to bypass locally elected school boards and go directly to the Federal government for money? Gee, it sounds that way doesn't it? Again, so much for local control by locally elected school boards.)


Sec. 165: National Research Center.&emdash;


(1) IN GENERAL.&emdash;The Secretary, through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements, may establish 1 or more national centers in the areas of&emdash;(A) applied research and development; and (B) dissemination and training.

(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.&emdash;Entities eligible to receive funds under this section are institutions of higher education, other public or private nonprofit organization or agencies, and consortia of such institutions, organizations, or agencies." Sec. 245: National Institute for Literacy.&emdash;(a)(1) "provides national leadership regarding literacy;

(3) coordinates literacy services and policy; (b)(1) The Institute shall be administered under the terms of an interagency agreement entered into by the Secretary [Education] with the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (...referred to as the "Interagency Group").


As of February 10, 1998 this bill had not been scheduled for a vote.

If S 1186 passes the Senate, it and HR 1385 and HR 1853 will all go to the Conference Committee for reconciliation.

Prepared by: Karen Holgate PARENTS NATIONAL NETWORK
PO Box 428 Palm Desert, CA 92261
760-360-9949 fax: 760-360-8949 Email:


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