If you ask people who Saint Patrick was, you’re
likely to hear that he was an Irishman who chased the snakes out of
It may surprise you to learn that the real Saint Patrick was not actually Irish—yet his robust faith changed the Emerald Isle forever.
Patrick was born in Roman Britain to a middle-class
family in about A.D. 390. When Patrick was a teenager, marauding Irish
raiders attacked his home. Patrick was captured, taken to
In his excellent book, How the Irish Saved Civilization, Thomas Cahill describes the life Patrick lived. Cahill writes, “The work of such slave-shepherds was bitterly isolated, months at a time spent alone in the hills.”
Patrick had been raised in a Christian home, but he didn’t really believe in God. But now—hungry, lonely, frightened, and bitterly cold—Patrick began seeking out a relationship with his Heavenly Father. As he wrote in his Confessions, “I would pray constantly during the daylight hours” and “the love of God . . . surrounded me more and more.”
Six years after his capture, God spoke to Patrick in a dream, saying, “Your hungers are rewarded. You are going home. Look—your ship is ready.”
What a startling command! If he obeyed, Patrick
would become a fugitive slave, constantly in danger of capture and
punishment. But he did obey—and God protected him. The young slave walked
nearly two hundred miles to the Irish coast. There he boarded a waiting ship
and traveled back to
But, as you might expect, Patrick was a different person now, and the restless young man could not settle back into his old life. Eventually, Patrick recognized that God was calling him to enter a monastery. In time, he was ordained as a priest, then as a bishop.
Finally—thirty years after God had led Patrick away
The Irish of the fifth century were a pagan, violent, and barbaric people. Human sacrifice was commonplace. Patrick understood the danger and wrote: “I am ready to be murdered, betrayed, enslaved—whatever may come my way.”
Cahill notes that Patrick’s love for the Irish “shines through his writings . . . He [worried] constantly for his people, not just for their spiritual but for their physical welfare.”
Through Patrick, God converted thousands. Cahill writes, “Only this former slave had the right instincts to impart to the Irish a New Story, one that made sense of all their old stories and brought them a peace they had never known before.” Because of Patrick, a warrior people “lay down the swords of battle, flung away the knives of sacrifice, and cast away the chains of slavery.”
As it is with many Christian holidays, Saint Patrick’s Day has lost much of its original meaning. Instead of settling for parades, cardboard leprechauns, and “the wearing of the green,” we ought to recover our Christian heritage, celebrate the great evangelist, and teach our kids about this Christian hero.
Saint Patrick didn’t chase the snakes out of
[COMMENT: an interesting historical point: Patrick is buried in the Anglican cathedral in Ireland (Dublin?), not the Roman Catholic cathedral. E. Fox]
For further reading and information:
T. M. Moore, “
St. Patrick: Voice of Justice and Mercy,”
T. M. Moore, “
A Culture of Plunder and Praise,”
Bill Tammeus, “
Separating the saint from the shamrock,”
Kansas City Star,
Read St. Patrick’s Letter to the Soldiers of Coroticus .
Bishop Raymond J. Boland, “
The Real St. Patrick,”
Manya Brachear, “
The Real Saint Patrick ”
(interview with Irish religious scholar Sister Declan), Beliefnet,
Thomas Cahill, How the Irish Saved Civilization (Doubleday, 1996).
T. M. Moore, Celtic Flame: The Burden of Patrick (Xlibris, 2000).
Mark Atherton, ed.,
Celts and Christians (
Philip Freeman, St. Patrick of Ireland: A Biography (Simon and Schuster, 2004).
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